How to vote in the EU general elections

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Austria

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Austrian citizens residing in Austria

 

For Austrian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Austria

 

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/austria/index_en.htm

Belgium

Voting day

The precise date will be fixed in 2019. If you live abroad or overseas, you will vote on the same day.

Voting system

Belgium uses party-list proportional representation with the highest-average method. Belgium elects a total of 21 Members of the European Parliament: the Dutch Community elects 12 MEPs, the French community elects 8 MEPs, and the German community elects 1 MEP. There is no minimum votes threshold.

For Belgian citizens residing in Belgium

A potential voter must be a Belgian citizen two months prior to the election, be inscribed in the electoral list of a Belgian commune two months prior to the election, 18 years of age by the day of the election, and must not be barred from voting by the day of the election.

For Belgian citizens living abroad

A potential voter must be a Belgian citizen two months prior to the election, reside in another member state of the European Union, 18 years of age by the day of the election, and must not be barred from voting by the day of the election.

You cannot vote if you live outside the European Union.

If you fulfill the conditions, you can vote by mail for Belgian candidates, using a form sent to the nearest diplomatic post or consulate no later than two months prior to the election.

For European citizens residing in Belgium

A potential voter must be a citizen of the European Union, reside in Belgium, be 18 years of age by the day of the election, and must not be barred from voting by the day of the election.

You must complete a form to inscribe yourself to the electoral list of the Belgium commune which you reside in.

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/belgium/index_en.htm

Bulgaria

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Bulgarian citizens residing in Bulgaria

 

For Bulgarian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Bulgaria

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/bulgaria/index_en.htm

Croatia

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Croatian citizens residing in Croatia

 

For Croatian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Croatia

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/croatia/index_en.htm

Cyprus

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Cypriot citizens residing in Cyprus

 

For Cypriot citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Cypriot

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/cyprus/index_en.htm

Czechia

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Czech citizens residing in Czechia

 

For Czech citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Czechia

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/czech-republic/index_en.htm

Denmark

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Danish citizens residing in Denmark

 

For Danish citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Denmark

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/denmark/index_en.htm

Estonia

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Estonian citizens residing in Estonia

 

For Estonian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Estonia

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/estonia/index_en.htm

Finland

Voting day

 

Voting system

 

For Finnish citizens residing in Finland

 

For Finnish citizens living abroad

For European citizens residing in Finland

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/estonia/index_en.htm

France

Voting day

The precise date will be fixed by the Council of Ministers in 2019. If you live abroad or overseas, you will vote on a different day.

Voting system

France uses the party-list proportional representation with the highest-average method. The voter cannot vote for someone off the list, nor rank the candidates in order of preferences. France elects a total of 74 Members of the European Parliament.

For French citizens residing in France

A potential voter must be 18 years of age, must live in the commune where they want to vote, and inscribed in the electoral lists.

To inscribe yourself in the electoral list, you must:

  • fill out form Cerfa n°12669*01 + notice n° 51114#01, available online here or at the city hall,
  • have a identity document proving French nationality (passport or national identity card),
  • have a document proving where you live,
    • for your domicile, you need a document no more than three months old,
    • for your parent’s domicile, your parent must write on paper a statement which certifies that you live with them, and provide a document proving your parent’s domicile,
    • for your residence, you need a document stating you have live for more than 6 months in the commune,
    • if you are only a taxpayer, you need a document proving your participation in local tax for more than five years.

You can register:

  • online, for communes that have integrated their services into www.service-public.fr
  • by mail, or in person at the city hall
    • the city hall of your domicile,
    • the city hall where you have paid local taxes for at least five years,
    • the city hall of your residence, where you have effectively lived for six continuous years,
    • or the the city hall where you are required to live as a public worker.

Except in the following cases, you must register before 31 December, 2018 to vote in the 2019 European elections:

  • A young person having reached the age of between between 1 March and the day of the election,
  • A person who moves out for professional reasons or person entering retirement after 1 January,
  • A military person returning to civil life after 1 January,
  • A person who becomes a French citizen after 1 January,
  • A person who regains the right to vote after 1 January.

On the day on the vote, go to your local vote bureau, and bring an identity document. If you cannot go in person to vote on that day, you can vote by proxy, giving another voter in the commune the right to vote in your name. You cannot vote online or by mail.

The person who holds your vote must have no more than two proxy votes if they are in France, or no more than three proxy vote if they are abroad. In each case, they can hold no more than one proxy vote from a voter in France.

To vote by proxy, you must:

  • fill out form Cerfa n°14952*01, available online here or on the spot,
    • If filling it out from the online form, print out the 2-page form on two sheets of paper (do not print it using a two-sided print/front and back), you must use a computer to fill out the following sections:
      • Vote par procuration,
      • Attestation sur l’honneur,
      • Récépissé à remettre au mandant.
    • If filling it out from the online form, do not fill in Section 2 of Vote par procuration, which contains the following:
      • lieu d’établissement,
      • la date d’établissement,
      • l’heure,
      • l’identité de l’autorité habilitée (mention Devant),
      • la partie réservée à la signature,
  • Go in person to the local police commissariat or gendarmerie or instance tribunal. Bring a valid identity document, and complete the form.

On the day of the vote, the proxy voter must go to the vote bureau of the voter whose name they are voting in, bringing their own identity document and voting under the same conditions as other voters.

For French citizens living abroad

Voters abroad are bound to the constituency of Ile-de-France et Français établis hors de France. They have the same voting requirements as French citizens residing in France. You can inscribe yourself to the consular electoral list at the nearest consulate or embassy. To vote by proxy, the process is the same, except it is done at the local consulate or embassy.

The day you will vote on will differ depending on where you live.

For European citizens residing in France

If you choose to vote in a French constituency, you automatically lose the right to vote from any other member state constituency of the European Union. Voting multiple times is punished with two years of prison and a fine of 15 000 euros under L.92 du code électoral.

A potential voter must have the nationality of another European Union member state, be 18 years of age, and have the right to vote in France and their member state of origin (a legal statement must be made attesting to the right to vote from the country of origin on the day of the request procedure).

To register in the French complimentary electoral lists, you must go to the city hall of the commune before the last open day in December, where Saturday is considered an open day.

All inscriptions are done at the city hall in person by demand, automatic inscriptions are not allowed.

European citizens register to vote in the same conditions as French citizens, that is, once you have a domicile, of which you are a resident in a continuous manner, or inscribed in the communal tax register.

The domicile is the place of primary residency. It can be established by the following:

  • an address on an identity card or valid passport,
  • an address on a tax notice, payment bill, or title,
  • an address on a utility bill for water, electricity, or gas.

The city hall will request you to have an identity document (identity card, passport, or residency card) and a proof of residency.

Voter holding the title to the domicile do not need to justify the six months of residency. They can therefore inscribe to the complimentary electoral list at the city hall upon their arrival at the commune.

Persons capable of proving an effectively continuous residence for more than six months can also inscribe to the complimentary electoral list. The proof can be delivered by any means. A residency is different from a domicile  when a person lives somewhere that is not their primary residency (for example, a student living in university dorms, but still residing with their parents).

Persons who can prove a consecutive five year period of contributions to local taxes (land tax, residency tax, professional tax) are also allowed to inscribe in the electoral lists.

When a European citizen requests their inscription to the electoral list, it is possible that they do not reside in the commune in a permanent manner. They must therefore prove continuous domicile or residency in another French commune, otherwise they do not have the status of resident and would inscribe themselves to the complimentary electoral list via local taxpayer status (five continuous years of paying local taxes required).

Furthermore, a written declaration containing the following is needed:

  • nationality,
  • address located in the territory of the French Republic,
  • statement that their right to vote was not revoked in their member state of origin,
  • and a statement affirming they will only vote in France.

European citizens are equally eligible to vote by proxy under the same conditions as French citizens.


http://www.europarl.europa.eu/france/fr/vos-d%C3%A9put%C3%A9s/a-propos-de-vos-d%C3%A9put%C3%A9s-europ%C3%A9ens

Germany

 

For German citizens residing in Germany

 

For German citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Germany

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/germany/index_en.htm

Greece

 

For Greek citizens residing in Greece

 

For Greek citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Greece

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/greece/index_en.htm

Hungary

 

For Hungarian citizens residing in Hungary

 

For Hungarian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Hungary

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/hungary/index_en.htm

 

Ireland

 

For Irish citizens residing in Ireland

 

For Irish citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Ireland

 

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/european-elections

Italy

Voting day

To be announced by the government.

Voting system

There are 73 Italian MEPs to elect.

The country is divided in 5 electoral circumscriptions:

Nord occidentale: Valle d’Aosta, Liguria, Lombardia, Piemonte for 20 seats.
Nord orientale: Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige, Veneto for 14 seats.
Centrale: Lazio, Marche, Toscana, Umbria for 14 seats.
Meridionale: Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise, Puglia for 17 seats.
Isole: Sardegna, Sicilia for 8 seats.

The seats are attributed on a proportional manner and per circumscription.

Each voter gets to vote for a list, but also up to 3 specific candidates, however for the sake of gender equality one of the 3 candidates must be of the opposite gender. Noncompliance with this rule will result in the vote for one of the candidates chosen to be null.

For Italian citizens residing in Italy

The citizen who is 18 by the time of the vote, enjoys full civic and political rights and holds the Italian nationality can vote for the European elections. The requirement for the vote is to register on the electoral list at the Commune of residence and obtain the tessera eletorale (electoral card).

They will need to present themselves with an official document proving their Identity and the tessera eletorale in order to vote at their Commune of residence. The vote in another Commune is impossible, even for reasons of work.

In case the tessera eletorale is expired, you can renew it at the electoral services of your Commune of residence.

To become a candidate, the citizen must be at least 25 years old and collect at least 30.000 signatures (3.000 of which must be from people signed in the electoral list of the circumscription). A signed statement is required, it should include a delaration that the candidate isn’t standing for election in another EU member State, the identity of the candidate as well as the address of residency in Italy. An official statement of possessing full civic and political rights is also needed, the Commune of residence is competent to release such document.

The list must be communicated at the Chancellery of the Court of Appeal located in the electoral circumscription.

For Italian citizens living abroad

The citizen living abroad for more than 1 year must normally register him or herself to the A.I.R.E (Anagrapfe degli Italiani Residenti all’Estero) (http://www.esteri.it/mae/it/italiani_nel_mondo/serviziconsolari/aire.html ) in order to vote.

Every citizen, signed at the AIRE or not, will receive by mail the electoral ballot which can be dropped at the designated official institution (embassy or consulate) of the country.

In case the Italian citizen not signed at the AIRE is in Italy, he may vote in his Commune of residency.

The vote by mail is impossible.

For European citizens residing in Italy

EU citizens can vote if they register on the electoral list of their Commune of Residence 90 days before the election.

They will need to present themselves with an official document proving their Identity in order to vote. The vote in another Commune is impossible.

To become a candidate, the citizen must be at least 25 years old and collect at least 30.000 signatures (3.000 of which must be from people signed in the electoral list of the circumscription). A signed statement is required, it should include a delaration that the candidate isn’t standing for election in another EU member State, the identity of the candidate as well as the address of residency in Italy and the electoral list of the country of origin (if there is any). An official statement of possessing full civic and political rights is also needed, please refer to your country’s governmental sources to see which institution is competent to release such document. An Italian translation of said document is also to be provided.

The list must be communicated at the Chancellery of the Court of Appeal located in the electoral circumscription.

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/italy/index_en.htm

Latvia

 

For Latvian citizens residing in Latvia

 

For Latvian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Latvia

 

???

Lithuania

 

For Lithuanian citizens residing in Lithuania

 

For Lithuanian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Lithuania

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/lithuania/index_en.htm

Luxembourg

Voting day

To be announced by the Government.

Voting system

Voting is mandatory for everyone who is included in the electoral list. You can vote only if you are on the electoral list.

Exception to the obligation to vote are people older than 75 and those who reside in a Commune other than the one they are registered to vote.

If you are unable to vote, you need to contact and explain reasons behind your abstention through a papier libre (http://www.guichet.public.lu/citoyens/catalogue-formulaires/citoyennete/elections/declaration-impossibilite-vote/modele-impossibilite-vote.doc ) sent via mail the to the Procureur d’État either in Luxembourg (http://www.justice.public.lu/fr/annuaire/parquet-luxembourg/index.html ) or in Diekierch (http://www.justice.public.lu/fr/annuaire/parquet-diekirch/index.html ).

Each voter gets 6 votes to elect 6 MEPs. They can vote either by name of the candidates or by list supplied by a party. Unlike parliamentary elections, there is only one electoral circumscription (instead of 4). The MEPs are elected proportionally to the vote received.

4 out of 6 MEPs must have Luxembourgish nationality.

The voting booths are open from 8:00 to 14:00.

For Luxembourgish citizens residing in Luxembourg

You are automatically signed up if you are 18 on the day of the election, if you have Luxembourgish nationality and if you enjoy your full civic and political rights. (http://www.guichet.public.lu/citoyens/fr/citoyennete/elections/elections-legislatives/inscription-listes-electorales-legislatives/index.html).

If you have any doubts or problems, you can contact your Commune (http://www.guichet.public.lu/citoyens/fr/organismes/administrations-communales/index.html )

You need to register until the 86th day before the election.

You can become a candidate if you have Luxembourgish nationality, be older than 18 and having residence in Luxembourg.

The competent authority in charge of receiving your candidature is the Tribunal D’arrondissement, either in Luxembourg-city or Diekierch. (http://www.guichet.public.lu/citoyens/fr/organismes/tribunal-arrondissement/index.html)

For Luxembourgish citizens living abroad

If you are included in the electoral list, you can vote by mail. You need to inform the Commune of your (last) residence or the Commune of birth or the Commune of the City of Luxembourg. It can be done by letter in which you must include name, surname, date and place of birth as well as the address where the convocation letter needs to be sent.

You cannot become a candidate except if you can prove you have residence in Luxembourg.

For European citizens residing in Luxembourg

There are two ways for voting:

They can vote for Luxembourgish MEPs by signing for the electoral list. The EU citizen must sign in person at his commune of residence the formal demand to be included on the list of foreign voters. Once the EU citizen is included, he or she must adhere to the same mandatory vote as Luxembourgish citizens. (http://www.elections.public.lu/fr/actualites/2014/02-05-inscription.html )

There is no minimum duration of residence is required since 2013 and no need to sign up again if you are already included on the list.

Alternatively, they can vote for the MEPs of their country of origin (check your country’s conditions for non-residents).

You can become a candidate if you have European citizenship, reside in Luxembourg, be older than 18 and provide until the 65th day before the election:

  • A solemn declaration of nationality, address of residence in Luxembourg and vow not to be a candidate in another Member State of the EU.
  • A declaration by the Member State of origin that you still enjoy full political and civic rights.
  • A valid ID and a certificate of residence validated by a public authority.

The competent authority in charge of receiving your candidature is the Tribunal D’arrondissement, either in Luxembourg-city or Diekierch. (http://www.guichet.public.lu/citoyens/fr/organismes/tribunal-arrondissement/index.html)

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/luxembourg/index_en.htm

Malta

 

For Maltese citizens residing in Malta

 

For Maltese citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Malta

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/malta/index_en.htm

Netherlands

 

For Dutch citizens residing in the Netherlands

 

For Dutch citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in the Netherlands

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/netherlands/index_en.htm

Poland

 

For Polish citizens residing in Poland

 

For Polish citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Poland

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/poland/index_en.htm

Portugal

 

For Portuguese citizens residing in Portugal

 

For Portuguese citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Portugal

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/portugal/index_en.htm

Romania

 

For Romanian citizens residing in Romania

 

For Romanian citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Austria

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/romania/index_en.htm

Slovakia

 

For Slovak citizens residing in Slovakia

 

For Slovak citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Slovakia

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/slovakia/index_en.htm

Slovenia

 

For Slovene citizens residing in Slovenia

 

For Slovene citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Slovenia

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/slovenia/index_en.htm

Spain

 

For Spanish citizens residing in Spain

 

For Spanish citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Spain

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/spain/index_en.htm

Sweden

 

For Swedish citizens residing in Swedish

 

For Swedish citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in Sweden

 

http://europa.eu/youreurope/citizens/residence/elections-abroad/ep-elections/sweden/index_en.htm

United Kingdom

 

For British citizens residing in the United Kingdom

 

For British citizens living abroad

 

For European citizens residing in the United Kingdom

 

 

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/unitedkingdom/en/your-meps/european_elections.html